Ελλάδα, Ευρωζώνη και Κρίση

Το κείμενο αυτό της ομιλίας του Γιάννη Ιωαννίδη παρουσιάζει την θέση ότι στην Ελληνική κρίση το χρέος είναι το «έλασσον» πρόβλημα. Καταρχήν μέρος του Ελληνικού χρέους οφείλεται σε ιδιώτες και τράπεζες, αλλά ένα αυξανόμενο μέρος οφείλεται στα κράτη μέλη της Ευρωζώνης καθώς και σε διακρατικούς οργανισμούς όπως η Ευρωπαϊκή Κεντρική Τράπεζα και το Διεθνές Νομισματικό Ταμείο.  Παρόλο που πράγματι το χρέος είναι κολοσσιαίο πρόβλημα, επιδέχεται και λύση. Δηλ. η ιστορική εμπειρία δείχνει ότι ιδιώτες πιστωτές επανειλημμένα έχουν δεχθεί μερική παραγραφή των οφειλών κρατών, προτιμώντας έτσι να πληρωθούν κάτι αντί τίποτα.  Επίσης, σε ιδιαίτερα σημαντικές περιπτώσεις διακρατικού χρέους, οι Σύμμαχοι (συμπεριλαμβανομένης και της Ελλάδας) παράγραψαν το χρέος της Γερμανίας μετά τον Β’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο αναγνωρίζοντας τον καταστρεπτικό ρόλο που είχε στην Γερμανική κοινωνία το υπερβολικά βαρύ χρέος που της επιβλήθηκε μετά τον Α’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο, με ολέθριες συνέπειες γιά τον υπόλοιπο κόσμο. Επίσης οι ΗΠΑ παράγραψαν το Γερμανικό χρέος από τον Α’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο. Το βασικό πρόβλημα παραμένει η ανάκτηση της ανταγωνιστικότητας της Ελληνικής οικονομίας.

Ολες οι διαφάνειες της ομιλίας είναι εδώ  http://greekeconomistsforreform.com/wp-content/uploads/Ioannides-Presentation-Fletcher-Oct-28-11.pdf

About Y_Ioannides

Tufts University

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One Response to Ελλάδα, Ευρωζώνη και Κρίση

  1. Nalliah Thayabharan says:

    Germany was hopelessly broke when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 . The Treaty of Versailles (le Traité de Versailles) had imposed crushing reparations on the German people, demanding that Germans repay every nation’s costs of the war. These costs totaled three times the value of all the property in Germany.
    Private currency speculators caused the German currency to plummet, precipitating one of the worst runaway inflations in modern times. A wheelbarrow full of 100 billion-mark banknotes could not buy a loaf of bread. The national treasury was empty. Countless homes and farms were lost to speculators and to private Zionist controlled banks. Germans lived in hovels. They were starving.
    Nothing like this had ever happened before – the total destruction of the national currency – German mark, plus the wiping out of German’s savings and businesses. On top of this came a global depression. Germany had no choice but to succumb to debt slavery under international bankers until 1933, when the National Socialists came to power. At that point the German government thwarted the international bankers by issuing its own money. International bankers responded by declaring a global boycott against Germany.
    Adolf Hitler began a national credit program by devising a plan of public works that included flood control, repair of public buildings and private residences, and construction of new roads, bridges, canals, and port facilities. All these were paid for with money that no longer came from the private international bankers.
    The projected cost of these various programs was fixed at one billion units of the national currency. To pay for this, the German government (not the international bankers) issued bills of exchange, called Labor Treasury Certificates. In this way the National Socialists put millions of people to work, and paid them with Treasury Certificates.
    Under the National Socialists, Germany’s money wasn’t backed by gold which was owned by the international bankers. It was essentially a receipt for labor and materials delivered to the government. Adolf Hitler said, “For every mark issued, we required the equivalent of a mark’s worth of work done, or goods produced.” The government paid workers in Certificates. Workers spent those Certificates on other goods and services, thus creating more jobs for more people. In this way the German people climbed out of the crushing debt imposed on them by the international bankers.
    Within two years, the unemployment problem in Germany had been solved, and Germany was back on its feet. It had a solid, stable currency, with no debt, and no inflation, at a time when millions of people in the United States and other Western countries controlled by international bankers were still out of work. Within five years, Germany went from the poorest nation in Europe to the richest.
    Germany even managed to restore foreign trade, despite the international bankers’ denial of foreign credit to Germany, and despite the global boycott. Germany succeeded in this by exchanging equipment and commodities directly with other countries, using a barter system that cut the private bankers out of the picture. Germany flourished, since barter eliminates national debt and trade deficits. Today Venezuela does the same thing today when it trades oil for commodities, plus medical help, and so on.

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